Cauliflower Varieties

You are wrong if you think there’s just one variety of cauliflowers.  The truth is, this vegetable even comes in other colors aside from white.  Some are colored purple, orange and green.

Cauliflower is grouped according to the time they are harvested and where its sowing is also related.  These are early summer, summer, late summer and fall varieties.

Early Summer Variety

This variety is intended to be harvested in late spring up to the first part of the summer season.

Typically, they are sown in autumn until mid-winter under glass boxes.  They also require a constant temperature of  50 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit during its germination period.

It can tolerate a temperature of about 45 degrees while they are growing.  The leaves of the early summer variety are very small which offers little protection from exposure.

Summer Variety

The summer variety is harvested in the middle of the summer season.  They are hardier than the early summer type and they also grow more quickly.  However, they need plenty of nutrients to be able to do this.

If you are planning to grow this type of cauliflower, thorough preparation of the soil must be done to successfully grow them.  Ideally, it’s best to work the soil in autumn so the soil can have ample time to settle.  Dig in a layer of well-rotted manure or compost into the soil at least a week prior to planting.

Early summer varieties must be planted in a site that gets the most sun but sheltered from the wind.  Do not plant them near hedges or trees to avoid competition for nutrients.  They should also be planted away from frost pockets.

Fall Variety

This variety of cauliflower matures at the end of the summer season until fall.  Take note not to sow the fall variety too early or the head may suffer from the effects of too much heat at the height of summer.

Also make sure to protect the plants from heavy frosts during curd formation by wrapping the head.  Otherwise, the cold can cause the curd or head to turn brown.

The head of the fall variety have compact and uniform curds with in-curling leaves.

Winter Variety

The winter variety is much simpler to grow probably because they are not very sensitive to the type and condition of the soil they are planted into.

However, make sure excess water is easily drained by the soil.  Lush must also be avoided.

Positioning winter cauliflowers is a bit tricky though.  They need an area that is more sheltered – especially from the east and north winds – than exposed.  However, they will thrive more under the sun rather than the shade.