What is a Cauliflower?

Cauliflower.  What a curious name for a vegetable.

Despite the name, it is not a flower but a vegetable – or more precisely, the flower of this member of the Brassica Oleracea species.

Resembling a broccoli in its early stages, the cauliflower develops a single compact head which is actually undeveloped white flower buds.  The head of the cauliflower is sometimes called “curd” because of its resemblance in appearance with curds of lumpy milk.

There are colored varieties of cauliflower – some farmer’s market offer purple and green cultivars.  But the most common color you will see is the white variety.

How did the cauliflower get its pale color?

Unlike its other relatives like broccoli, kale and cabbage, the cauliflower is colored white.  The dark green leaves of this vegetable surround the head to protect it from sunlight.  Because of this, chlorophyll does not develop leaving the buds white in color.

The cauliflower has a slightly sweet, nutty and milky flavor.  Almost all the plant’s parts can be eaten – green leaves and stalks – but most people prefer only its head.

This frost-tolerant vegetable can be cooked in many ways.  They can be pickled, cooked or eaten raw.


2 Responses to “What is a Cauliflower?”

  1. Abisola says:

    May I please use this picture of a cauliflower for my GCSE IT work.

  2. admin says: